2021-2022 Pierce College Catalog 
    
    Jan 25, 2022  
2021-2022 Pierce College Catalog
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BIOL& 212 Majors Animal (5 credits)



Distribution Area Fulfilled Natural Sciences with Lab; General Transfer Elective
Prerequisite BIOL& 160  with a minimum grade of 2.0 is required; CHEM& 139  OR CHEM& 121  with a minimum grade of 2.0; and ENGL& 101  with a minimum grade of 2.0 is required, or instructor permission.

Course Description
Examination and comparisons of the major animal taxa with emphasis on development, physiology, anatomy, taxonomy, adaptations, and behavior. Examination and evidence for evolution. Laboratory and/or field excursions included.

Student Outcomes
1. Describe and compare the characterizing features of each major phylum, order and class in Kingdom Animalia.
2. Recognize, identify by common and scientific name, and classify animal specimens to phyla, class and order (based on currently accepted taxonomic means).
3. Compare and contrast modern systematic methods of classification.
4. Demonstrate, in lab and lecture, animal specimen adaptations at the macro- and microscopic levels to survive in a particular niche or habitat. Adaptation systems studied will include nervous, motor (muscle), skeletal, integumentary, respiratory, digestive, excretory, circulatory, endocrine and reproductive systems.
5. State the evidence that supports the theory of evolution through classic and modern approaches.
6. Describe the mechanisms that lead to speciation or extinction including the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
7. Identify the adaptive advantages of sexual selection, altruism, and kinship selection.
8. Recognize and identify commonly associated protists, cells, tissues, organs, and organisms from microscopic study of specimens through lab and lecture study.
9. Describe and compare the embryonic development of members of the major animal phyla, recognizing the different embryonic stages and processes of development in various taxonomic groups.
10. Describe the synapomorphies and differences between the animal phyla (with convergent and divergent evolution applications considered).
11. Compare classic approaches to the study of animal diversity through dissection and the study of natural history in relation to the animal’s environmental stresses, ecology and reproductive success.
12. Demonstrate correct practice in a laboratory environment through the study of specimens, imagery and/or literary descriptions of animals that will include the preparation of organisms for dissection or on a microscope slide (light microscope and dissecting scope) for the study and recording of lab information.
13. Describe and compare the characterizing features of each major phylum, order and class in Kingdom Animalia through lecture discussion, text/journal materials, laboratory dissection, biotechnological approaches, physical examination and identification.



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