Dec 05, 2023
PCADE 066 Introductory Physics with Lab (ESL) (5 credits)
Students in this course will apply algebraic topics such as formula manipulation, fractions and decimals, and the evaluation of word and numeric expressions to solve introductory physics-related problems. Students will utilize math and computational thinking to make predictions and construct explanations regarding principles of motion, energy, and waves. Lab included.
1. Identify the basic formulas to apply to specific problems.
2. Utilize deductive reasoning skills/strategies to work through word problems to identify a solution
3. Associate specific units with their related physical quantity
4. Use appropriate units when answering application problems
5. Determine the displacement, velocity, time, and acceleration of an object with constant and varying acceleration in one-dimensional motion.
6. Investigate motion in terms of the forces that cause through experimentation and by applying Newton’s Laws of Motion.
a. HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.
7. Analyze conservative and non-conservative forces using theories of work, mechanical energy, and the energy conservation principle, analyze conservative and non-conservative forces.
a. HS-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
b. HS-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
c. HS-PS3-3. Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.
8. Investigate the relationship between momentum and impulse, and use the principle of conservation of linear momentum to analyze elastic and inelastic collisions.
a. HS-PS2-2. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system
b. HS-PS2-3. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.
c. HS-PS2-4. Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.
9. Apply various modern and cultural concepts of mechanics to the motion of celestial objects: and to the motion of objects on Earth.
a. HS-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system
10. Analyze the properties of electricity and magnetism and explain how these properties are connected to the theories and laws that describe them.
a. HS-PS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current.
b. HS-PS3-5. Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.
c. HS-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
11. Explain the difference between temperature, heat, and internal energy and apply the principles to observable phenomena.
12. Apply the laws of thermodynamics to demonstrate transfer of thermal energy within a closed system.
a. HS-PS3-4. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).
13. Describe the characteristics of waves and explain how they can be applied to the properties and behaviors associated with light and sound.
a. HS-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
14. Apply concepts of vibrations and waves to technological innovations.
a. HS-PS4-5. Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy.*
b. HS-PS4-2. Evaluate questions about the advantages of using a digital transmission and storage of information.
15. Evaluate published data to investigate claims related to energy absorption by matter.
a. HS-PS4-4. Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.
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